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Urban structure, residential location choice and everyday mobility

STAWAL

 

 

Project goals

The spatial structure of cities and urban regions and the everyday mobility of their population are interconnected in many ways. This is strongly mediated by the residential locations of households and other places relevant in everyday life, especially the places of work and, if applicable, education of household members. Transportation development is therefore closely linked to the residential location decisions of the population. This, in turn, has an impact on urban development as a whole, on climate-relevant emissions, traffic safety, and much more.

The aim of the project is to better understand (a) how residential location choice - and in particular a move to a new residential location within a region - influences everyday mobility, (b) which mobility needs, requirements and desires shape households' residential location decisions, and (c) which role mobility attitudes play in the interactions between mobility and residential location choice.

The project focuses on the following questions:

(1) What mechanisms are at work when spatial structures and mobility offers at the place of residence influence everyday mobility? What role does the location and accessibility of important everyday destinations (e.g., workplace) play in this context?

2) What mobility needs, requirements and desires, conversely, shape the choice of residential location? What role do (a) mobility offers, (b) subjective mobility attitudes, (c) (gender) roles in (couple) households, and (d) multilocal work play?

The practical benefit of the project is scientifically validated, strategic and directly usable knowledge on the transport impacts of urban development and residential location choice, the mobility requirements of households, and integrated, land-saving and climate-friendly urban and transport development.

 

Methodology

The project takes three perspectives: Mobility and location demand, mobility and location supply, and ways to manage the interactions between housing and mobility. Core components are (a) panel surveys of households before and after a move on their mobility, living situation, and mobility- and location-related attitudes, and (b) cross-sectional surveys of households in the same neighborhoods to obtain a broader picture of mobility and mobility needs. Both surveys include quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews, one in the form of panel interviews (before/after) with households moving, and the other in the form of focus groups with the neighborhood population. The survey will be conducted in three metropolitan regions with different spatial and socio-economic characteristics (Berlin, Munich, Ruhr area). Model neighborhoods with explicit mobility concepts and control neighborhoods without mobility concepts will be selected so that evaluations of the concepts are possible.

 

Funding source

Federal Ministry of Education and Research

within the framework of the funding measure: MobilityFutureLab2050

Funding code: 01UV2082A

 

Project partner

  • Dortmund University of Technology, Faculty of Spatial Planning, Department of Urban and Regional Sociology, Prof. Dr. Susanne Frank
  • German Institute of Urban Affairs gGmbH, Mobility Research Unit, Uta Bauer

 

Practice partner

  • GdW Bundesverband deutscher Wohnungs- und Immobilienunternehmen e.V. (Federal Association of German Housing and Real Estate Companies), Urban Development, Housing and Spatial Planning Department, Berlin
  • Rhineland Westphalia Association of the Housing and Real Estate Industry (VdW-RW), Düsseldorf
  • Spar- und Bauverein eG Dortmund
  • GEWOBAU housing cooperative Essen eG
  • SWB-Service- Wohnungsvermietungs- und -baugesellschaft mbH, Mülheim an der Ruhr
  • VBW Bauen und Wohnen GmbH, Bochum
  • Association of Berlin-Brandenburg Housing Companies (BBU)
  • HOWOGE Wohnungsbaugesellschaft mbH, Berlin
  • Housing cooperative Humboldt-Universität eG
  • Housing cooperative Neues Berlin eG
  • Association of Bavarian Housing Companies (VdW Bayern)
  • Association of Munich Housing Companies (VMW)
  • GEWOFAG, Munich
  • GWG Municipal Housing Company Munich Ltd.
  • stattbau münchen GmbH, Munich
  • Bauwerk Capital GmbH & Co. KG, Munich
  • Anders Wohnen GmbH, Munich

We are happy to welcome further practice partners from the real estate industry!

 

Co-opted international partners

  • Prof. Dr.-Ing. Petter Naess, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Urban Sustainability research group
  • Prof. Dr. Véronique van Acker, LISER, Luxembourg

 

Cities

  • Federal Capital Berlin, Senate Department for Environment, Transport and Climate Protection
  • City of Munich, Department of Urban Planning and Building Regulations
  • City of Dortmund, Department of Urban Planning and Building Regulations
  • City of Essen, Department of Urban Planning and Building Regulations
  • City of Lünen, Department of Urban Planning

 

Project duration

11/2020 until 10/2023

Location & approach

Der Campus der Technischen Universität Dortmund liegt in der Nähe des Autobahnkreuzes Dortmund West, wo die Sauerlandlinie A45 den Ruhrschnellweg B1/A40 kreuzt. Die Abfahrt Dortmund-Eichlinghofen auf der A45 führt zum Campus Süd, die Abfahrt Dortmund-Dorstfeld auf der A40 zum Campus-Nord. An beiden Ausfahrten ist die Universität ausgeschildert.

Direkt auf dem Campus Nord befindet sich die S-Bahn-Station „Dortmund Universität“. Von dort fährt die S-Bahn-Linie S1 im 15- oder 30-Minuten-Takt zum Hauptbahnhof Dortmund und in der Gegenrichtung zum Hauptbahnhof Düsseldorf über Bochum, Essen und Duisburg. Außerdem ist die Universität mit den Buslinien 445, 447 und 462 zu erreichen. Eine Fahrplanauskunft findet sich auf der Homepage des Verkehrsverbundes Rhein-Ruhr, außerdem bieten die DSW21 einen interaktiven Liniennetzplan an.
 

Zu den Wahrzeichen der TU Dortmund gehört die H-Bahn. Linie 1 verkehrt im 10-Minuten-Takt zwischen Dortmund Eichlinghofen und dem Technologiezentrum über Campus Süd und Dortmund Universität S, Linie 2 pendelt im 5-Minuten-Takt zwischen Campus Nord und Campus Süd. Diese Strecke legt sie in zwei Minuten zurück.

Vom Flughafen Dortmund aus gelangt man mit dem AirportExpress innerhalb von gut 20 Minuten zum Dortmunder Hauptbahnhof und von dort mit der S-Bahn zur Universität. Ein größeres Angebot an internationalen Flugverbindungen bietet der etwa 60 Kilometer entfernte Flughafen Düsseldorf, der direkt mit der S-Bahn vom Bahnhof der Universität zu erreichen ist.